Various national policies drive and influence the development of the biogas in South Africa.

Energy Policy White Paper (1998)
This is the first post-apartheid energy policy document, which advocated for broadening the energy supply mix, acknowledging the role of renewable energy technologies in the future energy development of the South Africa. Download

White Paper on Integrated Pollution and Waste Management (2000)
The plan proposes concrete measures for handling and dealing with waste in the country. The integral part of the strategy is the proposal for the development of the waste management strategy, with its waste hierarchy which advocates for the reduce reuse recycling and avoidance of waste. This creates an excellent platform for the development of biogas from the various waste streams. Download

Renewable Energy Strategy (2003)
The strategy proposed concrete and more practical role for renewable energy sources in the South African Energy Supply matrix. The strategy further proposed a developmental path for renewable energy sources, by setting a target for energy generation from renewable energy sources. Download

Free Basic Alternative Energy Policy (2007)
This policy document created a developmental opportunity for other energy sources including biogas, through the provision of financial resources for the acquisition of alternative energy sources. Municipalities are provided with financial resources to procure alternative energy sources. Download

Renewable Energy Fit-In-Tariff (Refit) Phase 2 (2009)
The renewable energy fit-it tariff, stipulates the tariffs for the purchase of energy from renewable energy generators at a specified prices, as part of the Renewable Energy Independent power producers program. The second phase of the REFIT stipulated the prices to be paid for energy generated from biogas. This opened a platform for negotiated price for biogas energy producers.

Integrated Resource Plan (2010)
The resources plan is part of country’s Integrated Energy Plan, which modeled different energy supply scenario. The IRP proposed energy developmental path is inclusive of renewable energy source and renewable energy technologies. Download

National Climate Change Policy White Paper (2011)
The White paper, argued that the most promising mitigation option for the country are primarily energy efficiency, demand side management, and increased investments in a renewable energy sources in electricity generation. The renewable energy flagship programme is proposed as an integral part of the climate change adaptation and mitigation strategy. Download

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